Guinea Bissau

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Formerly the Portuguese colony of Portuguese Guinea, upon independence, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with the Republic of Guinea. Since gaining independence from Portugal in 1974, the country has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. Guinea-Bissau is situated on the west coast of Africa and is bordered to the north by Senegal, the east and southeast by Guinea and west southwest by the Atlantic Ocean.

Guinea-Bissau’s GPD per capita and its Human Development Index are two of the lowest in the world, and although its people are known for their friendliness towards visitors, this does not predispose a successful tourism industry. The country’s main appeal is probably the remarkable Arquipélago dos Bijagós - delta islands lined with powdery, white-sand beaches, washed by azure waters, and populated by a people whose matriarchal culture, long protected by hidden sandbanks and treacherous tides, is unlike any found elsewhere in West Africa.

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